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Ayurveda

ayurveda

Ayurveda is a science of life (Ayur = life, Veda = science or knowledge). It offers a body of wisdom designed to help people stay vibrant and healthy while realizing their full human potential.

Ayurveda is based on Pancha-mahabhutha theory and Tridosha theory. Ayurveda considers that everything in this universe is made up of five basic elements. These five elements are earth, water, fire, air and ether or space and collectively termed as Pancha-mahabhutha. Ayurveda believes that every living creature in the universe is made up of these five elements, which serve as the building blocks of life and that life does not exist without them. The change and the combination of these elements and its quantity in a given matter determine its properties.

The Tridosha; Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are biological derivatives of the five basic elements present in the Universe.ayurveda

Ayurveda embraces all aspects of well-being of leaving creatures – physically, mentally and spirtually.

Ayurveda offers treatment for routine ailments as well as chronic diseases. Ayurveda recommends therapeutic medication programs to cure, not just for the symptoms of the disease, but to the root cause of the health problems or imbalances. These recommended treatments primarily help to eliminate the excessively accumulated toxins which are the root cause of various disorders and ailments afflicting the human body and also boost the body‘s immune system to fight such build up. These treatments are generally extended for duration of 7 – 14 – 21 days but can be vary according to the specific requirements of an individual.

The Vata Dosha is a mixture of space and air. It controls movement and is responsibayurvedale for basic body processes such as breathing, cell division and circulation. Vata body areas are the large intestine, pelvis, bones, skin, ears, and thighs. People with vata as their main Dosha are believed to be quick-thinking, thin, and fast, and are prone to anxiety, dry skin, and constipation.

The Kapha Dosha represents the elements of water and earth. Kapha is believed to be responsible for strength, immunity, and growth. Kapha body areas are the chest, lungs, and spinal fluid. People with Kapha as their main Dosha are thought to be calm, have a solid body frame, and are susceptible to diabetes, obesity, sinus congestion, and gallbladder problems.

The Pitta Dosha combines fire and water. It is thought to control hormones and the digestive system. Pitta body areas are the small intestines, stomach, sweat glands, skin, blood, and eyes. People with pitta as their primary Dosha are thought to have a fiery personality, oily skin, and are prone to heart disease, stomach ulcers, inflammation, heartburn, and arthritis.

Imbalanced Doshas are believed to interrupt the natural flow of prana, or the vital energy. The disrupted energy flow is then thought to impair digestion and allow the build up of body waste, which further impairs energy and digestion.

The ancient science of Ayurveda recommends periodic internal cleansing or body detoxification and purification as the best way to maintain good health and prevent physical disorders. It is necessary to help your body flush out the toxins periodically to maintain and enhance the efficiency of organs in your body.

Ayurveda helps in nourishing the body, revitalizing the nervous system, overcoming fatigue, promoting sound sleep, improving the sense of well being and increasing work efficiency. These programs take care of the problems like spondilitis, lower back pain, stress, insomnia, digestive problems etc.

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Turmeric Mask: Ayurveda’s Skin Exfoliant

Turmeric Mask: Ayurveda’s Skin Exfoliant

Turmeric is an age old remedy for a wide range of skin problems. Ayurveda recommends turmeric to be used regularly for glowing, blemish free complexion. Turmeric does wonders to the skin as an exfoliant. Apart from removing dead skin and impurities, the turmeric mask also maintains the natural pH balance of the skin and imparts a healthy glow to it.
Any pack we put on the skin gets absorbed into the blood stream. So what better option than the `yellow gold’, as Indians refer to turmeric to enhance beauty?

Make Your Own Turmeric Skin Exfoliantturmeric mask

Here is a simple turmeric mask recipe for different skin types. Follow the below instructions.

  • Turmeric 1 tbsp.
  • 2 tbsp. flour: for vata dosha (dry skin type) use oatmeal, for pitta dosha (sensitive skin type) use chickpea and kapha dosha (oily skin type) use barley flour.
  • Make it into a paste by adding a little water and massage into face and neck.  Leave it on for 5 min. Then wash it off with warm water.

Turmeric can leave heavier stains on your skin if you mix it with plain water. Instead, you can try raw honey or milk to cancel out the staining.

How to remove turmeric stains from your skin

Anyway, do not fear of looking like a character out of The Simpsons. Scientists have discovered that curcumin is 2000 times more soluble in vegetable oil than it is in water. So, gently warm a bit of olive or sesame oil and massage it into your face for about a minute, then wipe away with a cotton pad.

TIP! It is important to note that Curcuma aromatica, and not Curcuma longa, must be used in skin care. Curcuma aromatica, also called “Wild Turmeric” has been used as an herbal cosmetic in South Asia and India for centuries. This traditional herb is used as a skin rejuvenative and to enhance skin health. It is less pungent in property than Curcuma Longa (used in cooking) which makes it ideal to use on sensitive skin. Use Curcuma Aromatica to address a variety of skin conditions: acne, scars, pigmentation, cellulite, inflammatory conditions of the skin and stretch marks among many other conditions. However, it is not edible and should only be used externally.

Curcuma aromatica is a medicinal plant with a wide range of biological activities which can be used for the preparation of various formulations for the treatment of inflammation, wound and microbial infections.

Turmeric as scalp saviour

Add 1 tablespoon of turmeric to a cup of jojoba, olive or coconut oil. Massage this mixture into your scalp and leave on for 15 minutes, then shampoo as usual. This is a great deterrent for dandruff and improves the scalp’s overall condition.

Turmeric as a skin brightener

Mix 2 tablespoons of sandalwood powder, a pinch of turmeric powder and a few drops of lemon juice. Add enough milk or water to make a paste. Apply this mask on your face and neck; wash off with warm water once dry.

Turmeric Mask: Ayurveda’s Skin Exfoliant

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Organic Coffee Face Scrub

organic coffee face scrub

Organic Coffee Face Scrub
Cardamom & Sandalwood
with Vitamins & Essential Oils

Organic Coffee Face Serum has an energizing scent and can be used with all skin types. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic properties. It works as a soft, natural exfoliating scrub removing dead skin cells, polishing the skin, and leaving it nourished with a natural healthy glow. Uplifting scent of coconut, cardamom and coffee.

Ingredients: Sweet orange essential oil (Citrus sinensis)*Cardamom essential oil (Elettaria cardamomum)*Sandalwood essential oil (Amyris balsamifera)*Unrefined Cocoa Butter (Theobroma cacao)*, Cinnamon powder (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)*,  Loofah powder (Luffa acutangula)*,  Almond oil (Prunus dulcis)*, Unrefined Coconut oil (Cocos nucifera)*, Unrefined Cocoa butter (Theobroma cacao)*, Ground Coffee Beans (Coffea arabica)*, Vit E

*Organic ingredients

60ml

Dry/Oily/Combination/Normal Skin
Relief: Inflammation, Dryness, Eye puffiness,Inflammation, Infection, Scars, Blackheads, Skin infection, Skin ageing, Poor circulation, Eczema.

♥ Cacao butter  Cocoa butter contains compounds called cocoa mass polyphenols, which some studies sweet spicy lotion barhave found can help diminish signs of aging, plus soothe sensitive skin suffering from eczema, dermatitis, skin irritation, inflammation or rashes.

 Sandalwood It is soothing, cooling and moisturising. Used for dry skin conditions caused by lost of moisture and inflammations. Can be used to relieve eczema and psorisis. It has relaxing effect on the nervous system and may be used for hot, agiatated emotional states that lead to headache, insomnia and nervous tension.

♥ Sweet Orange Beneficial for soothing dry, irritated and acne prone skin, aging and rough skin

♥ Cardamom It has been used for thousands of years in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Digestive stimulant. Cephalic and a gentle tonic of the nervous system. Recommended for nervous exhaustion and depression. General tonic ofthe body.Organic Coffee face scrub

 Apricot Kernel oil Highly nutritious, being a good source of trace minerals and rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Excellent emollient, easily absorbed into the skin.

♥ Shea butter Super high in Vitamins and uniquely Vitamin F. Helps treat minor skin irritations. Reduce blemishes and scarring. Helps restore elasticity to skin .

♥ Loofah powder Gently exfoliates dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, leaving the skin with a smoother and brighter appearance, making it the perfect ingredient in our scrub & exfoliating products.

♥ Coffee It’s a rich source of antioxidants: coffee bean extracts can be responsible for skin cell energy coffee face scrubpreservation due to its free-radical properties. It makes skin smooth and bright: Because of its qualities that signal tissue repair, coffee plays a crucial role in regulating cell re-growth, leading to retained hydration (increased collagen) and increased skin elasticity.

♥ Vitamin E Full of antioxidants. Vitamin E can neutralize the effect of free radicals that damage healthy skin cells and lead to dryness.

♥ Beeswax An excellent skin softener that helps maintain a smooth skin texture. Its rich vitamin A content and emollient properties help in the healthy development of skin cells. It is a natural moisturizer that not only treats dry skin, but also helps prevent it.

How To Use: Use once or twice a week. Massage lightly onto your skin using an upward circular motion, taking care around the delicate eye area. Leave it on the skin for few minutes. Rinse off with warm water, then pat dry.

Safety! For external use only. Avoid contact with eyes. Avoid if you are pregnant. Discontinue use if you have skin reaction.

Wild Rose Face Scrub is Free from synthetic fragrances, dyes and preservatives. Vegan. Organic.

Request a custom order and have something made just for you!
Please contact me on shamamatherapy@gmail.com

I describe and promote my products in good faith. The information provided about the beneficial properties of all of my products is derived from the use and characteristics commonly attributed to it.

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Dark Spice Lip Balm

dark spice lip balm

Dark Spice Lip Balm
Cardamom & Cacao
with Vitamins & Essential Oils

Dark Spice Lip Balm Restores softness, prevents moisture loss and hydrates your lips.

Ingredients: Sweet orange essential oil (Citrus sinensis)*, Cardamom essential oil (Elettaria cardamomum)*, Sandalwood essential oil (Amyris balsamifera), Unrefined Cocoa Butter (Theobroma cacao)*, Cocoa powder*, Beeswax (Cera alba)*, Apricot Kernel oil (Prunus armeniaca), Vit E

*Organic ingredients

15ml

Dry/Dehydrated/Normal Lips

♥ Cacao butter  Cocoa butter contains compounds called cocoa mass polyphenols, which some studies sweet spicy lotion barhave found can help diminish signs of aging, plus soothe sensitive skin suffering from eczema, dermatitis, skin irritation, inflammation or rashes.

 Sandalwood It is soothing, cooling and moisturising. Used for dry skin conditions caused by lost of moisture and inflammations. Can be used to relieve eczema and psorisis. It has relaxing effect on the nervous system and may be used for hot, agiatated emotional states that lead to headache, insomnia and nervous tension.

♥ Sweet Orange Beneficial for soothing dry, irritated and acne prone skin, aging and rough skin

♥ Cardamom It has been used for thousands of years in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Digestive stimulant. Cephalic and a gentle tonic of the nervous system. Recommended for nervous exhaustion and depression. General tonic ofthe body.

sweet spicy lotion bar Apricot Kernel oil Highly nutritious, being a good source of trace minerals and rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Excellent emollient, easily absorbed into the skin.

♥ Shea butter Super high in Vitamins and uniquely Vitamin F. Helps treat minor skin irritations. Reduce blemishes and scarring. Helps restore elasticity to skin .

♥ Vitamin E Full of antioxidants. Vitamin E can neutralize the effect of free radicals that damage healthy skin cells and lead to dryness.

♥ Beeswax An excellent skin softener that helps maintain a smooth skin texture. Its rich vitamin A content and emollient properties help in the healthy development of skin cells. It is a natural moisturizer that not only treats dry skin, but also helps prevent it.

 

Directions to use: To address dryness apply liberally to your lips.

Dark Spice Lip Balm is free from Parabens, Sulphates, Preservatives and Artificial Colours. Vegan.

Request a custom order and have something made just for you!
Please contact me on shamamatherapy@gmail.com

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Sweet & Spicy Lotion Bar

sweet spicy lotion bar

Sweet & Spicy Lotion Bar
Cardamom & Cinnamon
with Vitamins & Essential Oils

Normal/Oily  Skin Types

Sweet & Spicy Lotion Bar is hot and stimulating remedy with warm-spicy and tenacious aroma. Restores a taste and vigour for life. Adds the fire of courage to the belly. Stimulates circulation. Balsamic, green – woody, sweet-spicy pleasant note.

Ingredients: Cardamom essential oil*(Elettaria cadramomum), Cinnamon bark essential oil*(Cinnamomum zeylanicum), Sweet orange essential oil* (Citrus sinensis), Elemi essential oil*(Canarium luzonicum), Cacao butter*(Theobroma cacao), Shea butter* (Butyrospermum parkii), Coconut oil* (Cocos nucifera), Beeswax* (Cera alba), Vit E.

* Organic ingredient

70ml

 

♥ Cardamom It has been used for thousands of years in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Digestive sweet spicy lotion barstimulant. Cephalic and a gentle tonic ofthe nervous system. Recommended for nervous exhaustion and depression. General tonic ofthe body.

♥ Sweet orange Antidepressant, digestive, antiseptic, lymphatic stimulant, antispasmodic, sedative. It can be used to help sleep and alleviate tummy upsets.Beneficial for soothing dry, irritated and acne prone skin, aging and rough skin

♥ Cinnamon Cinnamon bark is regarded as one of the strongest antimicrobial agents known. Useful for resisting viral infections. Can help relieve aches and chills in the early stages of colds and flu. antiseptic, stimulant, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, stomachic, anaestetic. Recommended for people who are devitalised, and suffering from nervous depression.sweet spicy lotion bar

 

♥ Elemi Elemi resin was used by the Egyptians for elbalming. Antiseptic, balsamic, cicatrisant, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Beneficial for the treatment of chronic skin conditions such as ulcers, fungal growth and infected wounds. Recommended for aged skin, infected cuts and wounds, inflammation and wrinkles.

 

♥ Cacao butter  Cocoa butter contains compounds called cocoa mass polyphenols, which some studies sweet spicy lotion barhave found can help diminish signs of aging, plus soothe sensitive skin suffering from eczema, dermatitis, skin irritation, inflammation or rashes.

♥ Shea butter Super high in Vitamins and uniquely Vitamin F. Helps treat minor skin irritations. Reduce blemishes and scarring. Helps restore elasticity to skin .

♥ Coconut oil Naturally antibacterial and antifungal, coconut oil for skin is an excellent moisturizer. The combination of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-bacterial and hydrating properties make it truly unique.

♥ Vitamin E Full of antioxidants. Vitamin E can neutralize the effect of free radicals that damage healthy skin cells and lead to dryness.

♥ Beeswax An excellent skin softener that helps maintain a smooth skin texture. Its rich vitamin A content and emollient properties help in the healthy development of skin cells. It is a natural moisturizer that not only treats dry skin, but also helps prevent it.

Safety! Avoid if you are pregnant. Any individual suspected of having allergic contact dermatitis or atopic dermatitis needs patch testing.

How to use: As you rub the Sweet & Spicy Lotion Bar between your hands, or directly on dry skin areas, your body temperature melts a small amount of the nourishing oils and butters which are absorbed into the skin.

Skin type: Suitable for normal and oily skin. Applied to the skin, this Lotion Bar is soothing, nurishing and moisturising.

Sweet & Spicy Lotion Bar  is Free from synthetic fragrances, dyes and preservatives.

Cruelty free.

Request a custom order and have something made just for you!
Please contact me on shamamatherapy@gmail.com

I describe and promote my products in good faith. The information provided about the beneficial properties of all of my products is derived from the use and characteristics commonly attributed to it.

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Face Treatment – Beauty therapy

face treatment

Face Treatment at Shamama Therapy

The facial involves a consultation, which includes an assessment of the skin to help with the choice of appropriate skin care preparations, essential and carrier oils, and finally the treatment.
Additionally, I will help you understand how to care for your skin naturally from the inside out. I will work with you to understand underlying factors that may be contributing to any skin issues you may have.
You will learn simple rituals to follow in your daily life to restore healthy skin and general wellbeing.

“While normal cosmetics treatment is symptom – oriented and attempts to change the skin in one way or another, the goal of essential oil treatment is always the restoration of balance”.

Cleansingface treatment

Benefits:

  • The Cleansing Mask will help to remove the impurities or dirt deposited on the face
  • Leave the skin surface fresh and ready to receive the massage
  • Cure infections

Face massage

Regular Face Massage will provide the following benefits:

  • Helps to stimulate the marma points in the head
  • Relaxes the head and improves circulation
  • To certain extend the massage helps to liquefy the toxins or accumulated mucous in the sinuses
  • Reduces the pain in cases of headache and sinusitis
  • Provides softness, smoothness and lubrication for the skin.
  • Reduces wrinkles and thereby rejuvenates and revitalize the skin of face
  • Removes scar and improves the skin color

Herbal Face Steam  herbal steam1

The followinf benefits due to herbal face steam:

  • Steaming deeply cleanses the skin
  • Reduces muscle tension, pain and clear the mind
  • It moistens th dry outer layer of the skin making them easy for removing
  • The skin becomes fresh, soft, bright, and with good complexion
  • The heat of the steam increases circulation, activates the pores and glands and help in the removal of toxins from the deeper layers of the skin
  • It is very beneficial for acne and congested skin
  • The heat also helps in the easy absorption of the things, which are massaged on the skin
  • Thus it helps to reduce Tridoshas

Scrubbingface treatment

Regular scrubbing provides the following benefits:

  • Cleanses the face by removing the dirt and dead skin
  • Removes black heads and white heads
  • Cleanses and opens the blocked pores
  • Stimulate circulation
  • Provides lusture for the skin

Facial Maskface treatment

  • Helps to extract dirt or toxins from the deeper layers of the skin
  • Helps in removing black heads, white heads, pimples or acne, and therby helps to clean the blocked pores
  • Removes scar and improves the skin color
  • Nourishes and rejuvenates the tissues of the face by stimulating the deep layers of the skin
  • Soothes and moisturizes the skin

Nourishing Facial Pack

Advantages of applying a face pack:

  • The antioxidants and antiseptic in the pack help to fight skin infections or dryness by moisturising the skin.
  • Increases the firmness of the skin. When used regularly it can help in tightening the skin and prevent it from sagging as a result of aging
  • Packs absorb and remove unwanted surface oil. It helps cleanse the skin and open the pores by removing the dirt and dead skin cells.
  • It makes the skin feel fresh, softer and brighter.
  • Pack also helps in relieving stress in the body by improving the flow of oxygen on the surface of the skin.
  • It also helps fight acne and helps prevent it from recurring often by cleansing the pores from within, so that no excess oil, dead cells or dirt remains clogged within them.
  • Face masks give a relaxing and refreshing feeling by getting rid of the impurities in the skin.
  • Endows you to feel good and pampered
  • Quickest and the simplest way to attain beautiful and younger skin in a less span of time

Toningface treatment

A good toner is one, which refreshes the skin as well as removes the residue of all previous treatments. It should be free from alcohol also.

Benefits:

  • Removes the residue of the previous procedures
  • Refreshes and cools the skin
  • Closes the pores, which are opened during the steaminf procedure
  • Tones the skin

Moisturizingface treatment

Since the skin needs nutrition of its own, Aloe Vera, when formulated into a properly designed personal care regimen, can treat, exfoliate, restore, reveal and provide constant, impressive nutrition to the human skin. Ayurveda refers to aloe vera as the miracle herb that can be used to treat wounds, minor cuts, dry skin and severe burns.

 

The benefits of essential oils in skin care:

  • have highly antiseptic properties
  • help speed up the removal of old skin cells and stimulate the growth of new cells
  • improve muscle tone and blood circulation
  • help eliminate waste
  • reduce inflammation
  • regulate sebum production
  • reduce the impact of emotional stress

The benefits of vegetable oils:

  • emollient properties
  • ability to protect the skin
  • ability to prevent moisture evaporating from the skin
  • ability to supply the skin with essential fatty acids and vitamins which have specific healing properties

 

If you live in Wellington, NZ and are looking for facial treatment or massageAromatherapy and Ayurveda – contact me on (+64) 0210778203 or hello@shamamatherapy.com

 

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Massage with oils – the importance of external oleation.

The word for oil in Sanskrit, sneha, is also the word for love. So massage ritual is essentially spreading love and nourishment to all of the tissues in the body, as well as to the mind and senses.

“The body of one who uses oil massage regularly does not become affected much even if subjected to accidental injuries, or strenuous work. By using oil massage daily, a person is endowed with pleasant touch, trimmed body parts and becomes strong, charming and least affected by old age”

Charaka Samhita Vol. 1, V: 88-89
(One of the Great ancient texts of Ayurveda)

External oleation of the skin is becoming more important as our population ages.

The main reason to massage the body with the oil is to remove toxins from the deep tissues. It also works to purify, nourish, and tone the body on a deep cellular level.

How should we use this information to achieve our aims?

  1. Reduce the frequency of bathing, showering, and cleansing. The water should be kept at the coolest temperature practical, and one should get out as soon as possible. Sponge bathing should be encouraged.
  2. Apply an oil directly on skin that is still damp. 
  3. Self massage 30-60minutes before bath or shower.
  4. Keep room temperature low. Humidity should be kept as high as possible without causing damage.
  5. Limit the exposure to soaps, detergents, solvents, and water. Such products dry the skin and alter its pH balance. Overdrying should be avoided. In addition, friction from washcloths, rough clothing, and abrasives should be avoided.
  6. Use natural, pure, cold pressed, unrefined oils frequently. Use best quality oils that you can find.  Your skin is your biggest organ, and everything you put on it absorbs directly into your bloodstream.
    Dry skin – use carrier oils as often as possible 4-5 times a day.
    Oily skin – once a day.
  7. Use oils according to your skin type and needs. 
    Dry/Mature Skin Avocado, Jojoba, Kukui Nut, Olive, Rosehip Seed, Sweet Almond, Evening Primrose, Calendula, Camellia Seed, Olive, Sesame, Macademia, Argan, Tamanu

     

    Normal Skin Apricot Kernel, Peach Kernel, Jojoba, Sunflower, Sweet Almond, Sesame, Hazelnut, Pomegranate

     

    Oily/Acne Prone Skin Jojoba, Neem, Apricot Kernel, Coconut, Tamanu, Sesame, Hemp Seed, Black Cumin Seed, Rosehip Seed, Pumpkin Seed

     

  8. Avoid synthetic products. Synthetic moisturizing creams can be too dense on the molecular level to permeate the tissue adequately.

Benefits of applying oil to the body:

  • Improves softness, strength and color to the bodymassage with oil - external oleation
  • Helps in removal of waste products/toxins
  • Decreases the effects of aging
  • Improves sense organs
  • Nourishes the body
  • Increases longevity
  • Benefits sleep patterns
  • Benefits skin
  • Strengthens the immune system
  • Imparts a firmness to the limbs
  • Imparts tone and vigor to the tissues of the body
  • Stimulates the internal organs of the body
  • Increases circulation
  • Pacifies dry, sensitive skin.

A full body oil massage, calms the mind, leaving you feeling grounded yet focused and alert, and balances emotions.

If you live in York and are looking for massage: Aromatherapy and Ayurveda – contact me on (+44) 7908352770 or shamamatherapy@gmail.com

When I was in India, studying Ayurveda, I also learnt how important it is to massage a baby from its early days.

What is baby massage?

Baby massage is gentle, rhythmic stroking of your baby’s body with your hands. Use pure, unrefines, cold-pressed oils only on your baby’s skin. As part of your massage routine, you can gently manipulate your baby’s ankles, wrists and fingers. You can talk softly, hum or sing to your baby while you are massaging.

Benefits of baby massage:

Massage may help your baby to:

  • develop mentally, socially and physically
  • stay relaxed
  • cry less
  • sleep better
  • improve weight gain
  • aid digestion
  • improve circulation
  • ease teething pain

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Aromatherapy for Eczema relief

aromatherapy eczema york UK

The word ‘eczema’ comes from the Greek word ekzein meaning “to boil out“. And if we look for a moment at the bodymind dialogue as Shapiro (2007) did, it might indicate that your boundaries are feeling threatened or imposed upon. The cause of atopic eczema is unknown. General triggers include: irritants, allergens, microbes, hot or cold temperatures, food, stress and hormones. The condition can impact at any age. Generally it occurs during infancy or early childhood. Atopic eczema is a condition marked by papules, expecially of the flexural surfaces of the knees and elbows. Eczema is characterized by frequent relapses of skin itching, erythema, scratching, and discharge. Chronic scratching may lead to an acute secondary bacterial infection. It can severely affect the patients’ quality of life. Eczema is non-infectious inflammatory condition of the skin.

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